Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH) Islamabad, was established in 1976, under Science Foundation (Ministry of Science and Technology Govt of Pakistan). the Museum has four Divisions, namely, Botanical, Zoological, Earth Sciences and Public Services. The first three divisions are engaged in the collection, identification and research activities related to plants, animals, fossils, rocks and minerals resources of Pakistan. The scientists, artists, designers are also responsible for science education and creating awareness about environment and conservation through dioramas, exhibits, lectures, workshop, seminar, posters, shows etc. PMNH also provides consultancy and advisory services to public and private sector.


The distinction of PMNH lies not only in research but also in implementing mass education and awareness about conservation of biodiversity and environmental issues through 3-dimensional displays and dioramas, a source of attraction for all ages, children and adults, illiterate or the professional scholars. The scientific information is translated in the form of an easy-to-understand and attractive medium so that the information not only reaches general public but is also easily understood and digested by them. Usually such mass communication medium is in the form of 3-dimensional diorama, which are visually quite attractive and informative. The newly constructed galleries include :

a) Biodiversity Gallery

This fascinating diorama depicts life as it exists in areas of permanent snow and ice fields in the Himalayas, alpine meadows, dry coniferous forests, moist temperate forests, tropical deciduous forests and riverine planes, representing some of the major ecosystems of Pakistan. This diorama is meant for education of general public about the diversity of national faunistic heritage of the country. Today more than 1000 species of animals and 2500 varieties of plants are facing extinction because of manís thoughtless exploitation of nature for his own selfish ends. His own survival depends on the conservation of nature and natural resources. This is the message conveyed through this diorama.
There are also exhibits depicting serious problems associated with the survival of biodiversity of the country such as population, pollution, industrialization, deforestation, forest fire, soil erosion, desertification, over hunting, fishing and grazing etc.

b) Marine Ecosystem

A marine diorama showing various aspects of oceanography and submarine geology has been organized to educate general public about marine environment, coral reef formation, sedimentation and fossilization etc.
b) Salt Range and Siwalik Diorama
The Salt Range, known as Geological Museum of the world, has been beautifully depicted in a diorama. It provides quick geological information about the area. The Siwalik rocks of the Potwar area are known for their wealth of the vertebrate fossils and hence they are the key to understand the evolutionary trends of the vertebrate life in Pakistan.

c) Eco Galleries

Ecological Gallery is equipped with several mini exhibitions to display structural and functional peculiarities of animas, plants and rock etc, in order to educate children about fascinating world of nature.
Recently computerized interactive programmes are being prepared to communicate information more effectively. A number of educational activities are organized all the year round. These include lectures, film shows, publication of popular literature for creation of environmental awareness and to enhance aesthetic sense for natural history and to develop such hobbies as bird and butterfly watching, animal behaviour, photography etc. which could be a step towards participation in conservation of natural living wealth of the country. Thousands persons, mostly school going children, visit the Museum on a monthly basis.


Government of Pakistan