Introduction

Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH) Islamabad was established in 1976, under the patronage of Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF), Ministry of Science and Technology, Pakistan. PMNH has four divisions namely Botanical Sciences, Earth Sciences, Zoological Sciences and Public Services. The first three divisions are engaged in the collection, preservation, identification and research activities related to plants, animals, fossils, rocks and minerals resources of Pakistan, while the latter is responsible for public education through dioramas, exhibits, lectures, workshop, seminar, posters and film shows etc. PMNH also provides consultancy and advisory services to public and private sector organizations.

PUBLIC EDUCATION
Public education is one of the major statutory functions of PMNH for creating awareness about the conservation of natural wealth of Pakistan through various easy-to-understand and attractive displays.
Display Galleries:
1. Biodiversity Gallery
2. Tethys Gallery

Tethys Gallery provides information and visuals about

a) Salt Range

b) Ocean life

c) Minerals and rocks

d) Whale Skelton

3. Gemstones Gallery
4. Eco Gallery
5. Palaeo Gallery
6.Cave Life.
1) Biodiversity Gallery

Biodiversity gallery represents major eco-regions including life on glaciers, alpine meadows, dry coniferous forests, moist temperate forests, tropical deciduous forests, wetlands and riverine planes of Pakistan. This diorama is meant for public education on faunistic and floristic diversity of the country. This gallery also depicts serious threats to biodiversity such as over population, pollution, industrialization, deforestation, forest fire, soil erosion, desertification, over-hunting, over-fishing and over-grazing etc. These threats are resulting in extinction of many species of animals and plants as well as environmental degradation. The gallery gives a message to the visitors for biodiversity conservation and environmental protection for their own survival on this planet. fascinating diorama depicts life as it exists in areas of permanent snow and ice fields in the Himalayas, alpine meadows, dry coniferous forests, moist temperate forests, tropical deciduous forests and riverine planes, representing some of the major ecosystems of Pakistan. This diorama is meant for education of general public about the diversity of national faunistic heritage of the country. Today more than 1000 species of animals and 2500 varieties of plants are facing extinction because of man’s thoughtless exploitation of nature for his own selfish ends. His own survival depends on the conservation of nature and natural resources. This is the message conveyed through this diorama.
There are also exhibits depicting serious problems associated with the survival of biodiversity of the country such as population, pollution, industrialization, deforestation, forest fire, soil erosion, desertification, over hunting, fishing and grazing etc.

2). Tethys Gallery
Tethys Gallery provides information and visuals about
Salt Range
The Salt Range, also known as the natural geological museum of the world, has been beautifully depicted in this diorama that provides quick geological information about the area. The Siwalik rocks of the Potwar area are known for their wealth of the vertebrate fossils and hence they are the key to understand the evolutionary trends of the vertebrate life in Pakistan
Oceans
Marine diorama showcases various aspects of marine life from coastal to deeper ocean and submarine geology to educate the visitors about marine environment, coral reef formation, sedimentation and fossilization etc.
Minerals and rocks
In this section various minerals and rocks found in Pakistan have been displayed. Information about the chemical properties, composition, deposits, and their industrial uses have been provided through bilingual write-ups.
Whale Skeleton
In the centre of the Tethy Gallery a huge skeleton of Whale has been displayed which also carries written information about this marine mammal.
3) Gemstones Gallery
In this Gallery various precious and semi-precious stones have been displayed along with the information about their deposits in different area of Pakistan. The displays are based on gems in raw form as well as cut and polished forms.
4.Eco Gallery
Ecological Gallery is designed with several mini exhibits on structural and functional peculiarities of animals, plants and rocks etc, to educate children about natural phenomenon and charismas of science. This gallery includes different life cycles i.e. Alter Eco System, Energy Flow, Life: Individual to Biosphere, Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle and Nitrogen Cycle. It also displays a beautiful diorama of food chain showing the dependence of different animals and plants for food on each other.
5.Palaeo Gallery
Palaeo Gallery of the Museum is based on Pre-historic Wildlife of Pakistan. In this Gallery fossils collection from all over Pakistan has been displayed. Some of the fossils are as old as 650 million years. The Story of Human Intelligence and Evolution has also been narrated through fossils, paintings and write-ups. Skeletons of Elephant and Giraffe have been displayed in the centre of this Gallery, which enhance grandeur of this hall.
6. Cave Life
 
 

Government of Pakistan

 
 

MoST

 
 

 
 

 
 

PSF