Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH)
Islamabad, was established in 1976, under Science
Foundation (Ministry of Science and Technology Govt of
Pakistan). the Museum has four Divisions, namely,
Botanical, Zoological, Earth Sciences and Public Services.
The first three divisions are engaged in the collection,
identification and research activities related to plants,
animals, fossils, rocks and minerals resources of
Pakistan. The scientists, artists, designers are also
responsible for science education and creating awareness
about environment and conservation through dioramas,
exhibits, lectures, workshop, seminar, posters, shows etc.
PMNH also provides consultancy and advisory services to
public and private sector.
PUBLIC EDUCATION & AWARENESS
The distinction of PMNH lies
not only in research but also in implementing mass
education and awareness about conservation of biodiversity
and environmental issues through 3-dimensional displays
and dioramas, a source of attraction for all ages,
children and adults, illiterate or the professional
scholars. The scientific information is translated in the
form of an easy-to-understand and attractive medium so
that the information not only reaches general public but
is also easily understood and digested by them. Usually
such mass communication medium is in the form of
3-dimensional diorama, which are visually quite attractive
and informative. The newly constructed galleries include :
fascinating diorama depicts life as it exists in areas of
permanent snow and ice fields in the Himalayas, alpine
meadows, dry coniferous forests, moist temperate forests,
tropical deciduous forests and riverine planes,
representing some of the major ecosystems of Pakistan.
This diorama is meant for education of general public
about the diversity of national faunistic heritage of the
country. Today more than 1000 species of animals and 2500
varieties of plants are facing extinction because of manís
thoughtless exploitation of nature for his own selfish
ends. His own survival depends on the conservation of
nature and natural resources. This is the message conveyed
through this diorama.
There are also exhibits depicting serious problems
associated with the survival of biodiversity of the
country such as population, pollution, industrialization,
deforestation, forest fire, soil erosion, desertification,
over hunting, fishing and grazing etc.
diorama showing various aspects of oceanography and
submarine geology has been organized to educate general
public about marine environment, coral reef formation,
sedimentation and fossilization etc.
b) Salt Range and Siwalik Diorama
The Salt Range, known as Geological Museum of the world,
has been beautifully depicted in a diorama. It provides
quick geological information about the area. The Siwalik
rocks of the Potwar area are known for their wealth of the
vertebrate fossils and hence they are the key to
understand the evolutionary trends of the vertebrate life
c) Eco Galleries
Ecological Gallery is equipped with several mini
exhibitions to display structural and functional
peculiarities of animas, plants and rock etc, in order to
educate children about fascinating world of nature.
Recently computerized interactive programmes are being
prepared to communicate information more effectively. A
number of educational activities are organized all the
year round. These include lectures, film shows,
publication of popular literature for creation of
environmental awareness and to enhance aesthetic sense for
natural history and to develop such hobbies as bird and
butterfly watching, animal behaviour, photography etc.
which could be a step towards participation in
conservation of natural living wealth of the country.
Thousands persons, mostly school going children, visit the
Museum on a monthly basis.