Pakistan Museum of Natural History

     
     

WORLD OF BIRDS

Introduction

Birds are important part of this whole ecosystem we call Nature. They are wonderful to watch, they spread seeds, they are food for other species, they eat bugs, mosquitoes, etc., and this world would not be the same without them. All creatures, plants, animals, birds, humans, bugs, reptiles, and fish were put on this earth to interact with each other.

Birds are a group of endothermic, egg-laying vertebrates, characterized by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, high metabolic rate, four-chambered heart, and strong skeleton with hollow bones. They have worldwide distribution. The first fossil record of birds is “Archaeopteryx” which was evolved 150 million years ago. Presently there are 9956 species of birds distributed all over the world. The smallest bird is hummingbird 5 cm in size, while the largest one is ostrich of size2.75 m. In Pakistan so far 652 species have been recorded. Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) is the national bird of Pakistan while Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) is the symbolic icon of Pakistan Air Force.

In Pakistan we have 666 different recorded species of birds, ranging from garden birds to water fowls, raptors and migratory species which fly all the way from Siberia to coastal line of Arabian Sea following the Indus River. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorized birds of Pakistan in recent Red Data list as 06 species Critically Endangered, 09 species Endangered, 23 Vulnerable and 23 species Near Threatened.

The diorama “World of Birds” is an effort to showcase endemic as well as exotic fauna of birds present in our country, to generate an opportunity for our younger generation, watch these birds very closely because it is very hard to see birds in their natural habitat. The birds that are displayed in this diorama belong to different habitats, groups.